What is Spring Framework, and what are its core features?

What is Spring Framework, and what are its core features?

The Java Spring Framework is one of the most popular frameworks in Information Technology. Java Spring Developers used the Spring framework to create and deploy cloud-based microservices such as Data Processing and Web Applications. To learn more about Spring, join Spring Training in Chennai at FITA Academy with Spring certification training and placement support for your career enhancement.

In this blog, we will discuss what is Spring framework and what are its core features.

What is Spring Framework?

Spring is an open-source framework for developing enterprise Java applications. Spring’s purpose is to simplify complex and time-consuming enterprises. Java application development process for  easier spring framework provides technologies such as:

  • Aspect-oriented programming (AOP)
  • Dependency injection (DI)
  • Plain Old Java Object (POJO)

Spring is a lightweight framework for developing secure, scalable, and robust enterprise web applications.

The Spring framework also serves as the basis for all other Spring-based projects, such as:

  • Spring Boot
  • Spring Cloud
  • Spring GraphQL

Core features of Spring Framework

Let’s take a look at the main features of Spring framework.

IoC (Inversion of Control) Container

Spring’s IoC container is a core feature that provides a simplified way to configure and manage Java objects. This Ioc container manages the lifecycle for specified Java objects, which greatly improves the flexibility of a Spring-based application.

Support Aspect-Oriented Programming

The Aspect-oriented programming (AOP) framework is a key component of the Spring Framework. Aspect-Oriented Programming implies dividing program logic into distinct sections known as concerns.

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Spring MVC framework

Spring MVC allows developers to create applications that follow the popular MVC pattern. It is a request-based framework that enables developers to easily create customized MVC applications.

The DispatcherServlet class is the hub component of Spring MVC, handling user requests and forwarding them to the effective controller. This enables the controller to process the request, build the model, and then display the information to the end user via a specified view.

Spring Web Service

This Spring Web Service component simplifies the applications creation and management of web service endpoints. It provides a layered approach that can manage XML objects.

Spring Test Framework

Testing is an essential component of any development process. Spring simplifies the testing with its components are:

  • Mock objects 
  • Spring MVC Test
  • Test Context framework, etc.,

Benefits of Spring framework

  • Spring allows developers to create enterprise applications using POJOs (Plain Old Java Objects). The advantage of developing applications in POJO is that we do not need an enterprise container such as an application server but instead can use a robust servlet container.
  • Spring provides support for both XML and API configurations.
  • Spring includes middleware services such as connection pooling, transaction management, etc.


I hope this blog gives more valuable information about what is Spring Framework and what are its core features with its benefits. Join the Spring Course in Chennai to learn more about Spring, which will help you to develop your career by providing certification training with real-time projects.

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